First menstrual period
First live birth
First-degree relatives with breast cancer
Previous breast biopsy
Any abnormal cells found in breast tissue taken during a biopsy
If your 5 year risk is more than 1.7%, you are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
We would like to share a few tips that you can follow to protect your health:
• Monthly Self-breast examination
Doing a self-breast examination monthly after your periods is important whether or not you are at a risk. If you find any abnormalities such as nipple discharge, inverted nipples, swelling in the armpits, etc. meet your doctor immediately.
• Annual health check-ups
Testing for breast cancer especially if you have a family history is extremely important. You must undergo Sono-Mammography and Pap Smear once in three years. You must also get a CBC blood test done every year.
• BRCA1 and BRCA2 testing
If you have a family history of breast cancer, find out if you have DNA changes that raise your risk of breast cancer, and you must take the BRCA gene test.
• Limit alcohol consumption and smoking:
If you consume alcohol or smoke, it is best to quit. Although quitting smoking and alcohol consumption can be difficult, you can consider limiting consumption.
• Consume a healthy diet
Breast cancer risk can be decreased with a balanced diet. Include a lot of fruits and vegetables and foods that are high in fibre in your diet. Reduce consumption of refined carbohydrates and processed foods and dietary fats by 10% to 20% calories.
• Be active
Be physically active to maintain a healthy weight. You can indulge in simple activities such as walking. Weight training is also a great option. Remember, consistency is key!
If you are breastfeeding or plan on having children, breastfeeding may aid in the prevention of breast cancer. The protective effect increases with the duration of breastfeeding.